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Using Python's dlt for Data Load from Shopify to BigQuery

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This page provides technical documentation on how to use the open-source Python library, dlt, to load data from Shopify to BigQuery. Shopify is a comprehensive commerce platform that empowers anyone to start, grow, manage, and scale a business. BigQuery, on the other hand, is a serverless, cost-effective enterprise data warehouse that operates across various clouds and scales with your data. By leveraging dlt, you can efficiently transfer data from your Shopify e-commerce platform to BigQuery for robust data analysis and insights. For additional information about Shopify, visit

dlt Key Features

  • Automated Maintenance: With schema inference and evolution and alerts, and with short declarative code, maintenance becomes simple. More details can be found here.
  • Scalability and Performance: dlt offers several mechanisms and configuration options to scale up and finetune pipelines, such as running extraction, normalization and load in parallel. More information can be found here.
  • Data Extraction: Extracting data with dlt is simple and scalable. It leverages iterators, chunking, and parallelization techniques for efficient data processing. More details can be found here.
  • Google BigQuery Support: dlt supports Google BigQuery as a destination for your data pipeline. The setup guide can be found here.
  • Community Support: dlt has a growing community that supports many features and use cases needed by the community. You can join the community discussion here.

Getting started with your pipeline locally

0. Prerequisites

dlt requires Python 3.8 or higher. Additionally, you need to have the pip package manager installed, and we recommend using a virtual environment to manage your dependencies. You can learn more about preparing your computer for dlt in our installation reference.

1. Install dlt

First you need to install the dlt library with the correct extras for BigQuery:

pip install "dlt[bigquery]"

The dlt cli has a useful command to get you started with any combination of source and destination. For this example, we want to load data from Shopify to BigQuery. You can run the following commands to create a starting point for loading data from Shopify to BigQuery:

# create a new directory
mkdir shopify_dlt_pipeline
cd shopify_dlt_pipeline
# initialize a new pipeline with your source and destination
dlt init shopify_dlt bigquery
# install the required dependencies
pip install -r requirements.txt

The last command will install the required dependencies for your pipeline. The dependencies are listed in the requirements.txt:


You now have the following folder structure in your project:

├── .dlt/
│ ├── config.toml # configs for your pipeline
│ └── secrets.toml # secrets for your pipeline
├── shopify_dlt/ # folder with source specific files
│ └── ...
├── # your main pipeline script
├── requirements.txt # dependencies for your pipeline
└── .gitignore # ignore files for git (not required)

2. Configuring your source and destination credentials

The dlt cli will have created a .dlt directory in your project folder. This directory contains a config.toml file and a secrets.toml file that you can use to configure your pipeline. The automatically created version of these files look like this:

generated config.toml

# put your configuration values here

log_level="WARNING" # the system log level of dlt
# use the dlthub_telemetry setting to enable/disable anonymous usage data reporting, see
dlthub_telemetry = true

shop_url = "shop_url" # please set me up!
organization_id = "organization_id" # please set me up!

generated secrets.toml

# put your secret values and credentials here. do not share this file and do not push it to github

private_app_password = "private_app_password" # please set me up!
access_token = "access_token" # please set me up!

location = "US"

project_id = "project_id" # please set me up!
private_key = "private_key" # please set me up!
client_email = "client_email" # please set me up!

2.1. Adjust the generated code to your usecase

Further help setting up your source and destinations
  • Read more about setting up the Shopify source in our docs.
  • Read more about setting up the BigQuery destination in our docs.

3. Running your pipeline for the first time

The dlt cli has also created a main pipeline script for you at, as well as a folder shopify_dlt that contains additional python files for your source. These files are your local copies which you can modify to fit your needs. In some cases you may find that you only need to do small changes to your pipelines or add some configurations, in other cases these files can serve as a working starting point for your code, but will need to be adjusted to do what you need them to do.

The main pipeline script will look something like this:

"""Pipeline to load shopify data into BigQuery.

import dlt
from dlt.common import pendulum
from typing import List, Tuple
from shopify_dlt import shopify_source, TAnyDateTime, shopify_partner_query

def load_all_resources(resources: List[str], start_date: TAnyDateTime) -> None:
"""Execute a pipeline that will load the given Shopify resources incrementally beginning at the given start date.
Subsequent runs will load only items updated since the previous run.

pipeline = dlt.pipeline(
pipeline_name="shopify", destination='bigquery', dataset_name="shopify_data"
load_info =

def incremental_load_with_backloading() -> None:
"""Load past orders from Shopify in chunks of 1 week each using the start_date and end_date parameters.
This can useful to reduce the potiential failure window when loading large amounts of historic data.
Chunks and incremental load can also be run in parallel to speed up the initial load.

pipeline = dlt.pipeline(
pipeline_name="shopify", destination='bigquery', dataset_name="shopify_data"

# Load all orders from 2023-01-01 to now
min_start_date = current_start_date = pendulum.datetime(2023, 1, 1)
max_end_date =

# Create a list of time ranges of 1 week each, we'll use this to load the data in chunks
ranges: List[Tuple[pendulum.DateTime, pendulum.DateTime]] = []
while current_start_date < max_end_date:
end_date = min(current_start_date.add(weeks=1), max_end_date)
ranges.append((current_start_date, end_date))
current_start_date = end_date

# Run the pipeline for each time range created above
for start_date, end_date in ranges:
print(f"Load orders between {start_date} and {end_date}")
# Create the source with start and end date set according to the current time range to filter
# created_at_min lets us set a cutoff to exclude orders created before the initial date of (2023-01-01)
# even if they were updated after that date
data = shopify_source(
start_date=start_date, end_date=end_date, created_at_min=min_start_date

load_info =

# Continue loading new data incrementally starting at the end of the last range
# created_at_min still filters out items created before 2023-01-01
load_info =
start_date=max_end_date, created_at_min=min_start_date

def load_partner_api_transactions() -> None:
"""Load transactions from the Shopify Partner API.
The partner API uses GraphQL and this example loads all transactions from the beginning paginated.

The `shopify_partner_query` resource can be used to run custom GraphQL queries to load paginated data.

pipeline = dlt.pipeline(

# Construct query to load transactions 100 per page, the `$after` variable is used to paginate
query = """query Transactions($after: String, first: 100) {
transactions(after: $after) {
edges {
node {

# Configure the resource with the query and json paths to extract the data and pagination cursor
resource = shopify_partner_query(
# JSON path pointing to the data item in the results
# JSON path pointing to the highest page cursor in the results
# The variable name used for pagination

load_info =

if __name__ == "__main__":
# Add your desired resources to the list...
resources = ["products", "orders", "customers"]
load_all_resources(resources, start_date="2000-01-01")

# incremental_load_with_backloading()

# load_partner_api_transactions()

Provided you have set up your credentials, you can run your pipeline like a regular python script with the following command:


4. Inspecting your load result

You can now inspect the state of your pipeline with the dlt cli:

dlt pipeline shopify info

You can also use streamlit to inspect the contents of your BigQuery destination for this:

# install streamlit
pip install streamlit
# run the streamlit app for your pipeline with the dlt cli:
dlt pipeline shopify show

5. Next steps to get your pipeline running in production

One of the beauties of dlt is, that we are just a plain Python library, so you can run your pipeline in any environment that supports Python >= 3.8. We have a couple of helpers and guides in our docs to get you there:

The Deploy section will show you how to deploy your pipeline to

  • Deploy with Github Actions: dlt allows you to deploy your pipelines using Github Actions. This is an easy and straightforward way to automate your deployment process. You can find more details on how to do this here.
  • Deploy with Airflow: If you prefer to use Airflow for your deployments, dlt has you covered. You can deploy your pipelines using Airflow following the instructions provided here.
  • Deploy with Google Cloud Functions: For those who prefer using Google Cloud Functions for deployment, dlt provides a guide on how to deploy your pipelines using this method. Check out the guide here.
  • Other Deployment Options: dlt supports a variety of other deployment options. You can find more information on these and how to use them here.

The running in production section will teach you about:

  • Monitor Your Pipeline: dlt provides a simple way to monitor your pipeline, providing you with useful information on the data that has been loaded. This can be especially useful when running the pipeline in production. For more details, check out How to Monitor your pipeline.
  • Set Up Alerts: With dlt, you can easily set up alerts to be notified of any changes or issues with your pipeline. This can help you to quickly identify and address any potential problems. Learn more about it at Set up alerts.
  • Implement Tracing: Tracing can provide you with valuable insights into the performance and behavior of your pipeline. dlt makes it easy to set up tracing for your pipeline. For more information, visit Set up tracing.

Available Sources and Resources

For this verified source the following sources and resources are available

Source shopify

"Shopify is an e-commerce platform offering data on customer accounts, transactions, and product listings."

Resource NameWrite DispositionDescription
customersmergeIndividuals or entities who have created accounts on a Shopify-powered online store
ordersmergeTransactions made by customers on an online store
productsmergeThe individual items or goods that are available for sale

Additional pipeline guides

This demo works on codespaces. Codespaces is a development environment available for free to anyone with a Github account. You'll be asked to fork the demo repository and from there the README guides you with further steps.
The demo uses the Continue VSCode extension.

Off to codespaces!


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