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MongoDB is a NoSQL database that stores JSON-like documents.

This MongoDB dlt verified source and pipeline example loads data using "MongoDB" source to the destination of your choice.

Sources and resources that can be loaded using this verified source are:

mongodbloads a specific MongoDB database
mongodb_collectionloads a collection from a MongoDB database

Setup Guide

Grab credentials

Grab connection_url

MongoDB can be configured in multiple ways. Typically, the connection URL format is:

connection_url = "mongodb://dbuser:passwd@host.or.ip:27017"

For details on connecting to MongoDB and obtaining the connection URL, see the documentation.

Here are the typical ways to configure MongoDB and their connection URLs:

NameDescriptionConnection URL Example
Local InstallationInstall on Windows, macOS, Linux using official packages."mongodb://dbuser:passwd@host.or.ip:27017"
DockerDeploy using the MongoDB Docker image."mongodb://"
MongoDB AtlasMongoDB’s managed service on AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud."mongodb+srv://"
Managed CloudAWS DocumentDB, Azure Cosmos DB, and others offer MongoDB as a managed database."mongodb://"
Configuration ToolsUse Ansible, Chef, or Puppet for automation of setup and configuration."mongodb://dbuser:passwd@config.tool:27017"
Replica SetSet up for high availability with data replication across multiple MongoDB instances."mongodb://dbuser:passwd@replica.set:27017"
Sharded ClusterScalable distribution of datasets across multiple MongoDB instances."mongodb://dbuser:passwd@shard.cluster:27017"
KubernetesDeploy on Kubernetes using Helm charts or operators."mongodb://dbuser:passwd@k8s.cluster:27017"
Manual TarballInstall directly from the official MongoDB tarball, typically on Linux."mongodb://"

Note: The provided URLs are example formats; adjust as needed for your specific setup.

Grab database and collections

  1. To grab "database and collections" you must have MongoDB shell installed. For installation guidance, refer to documentation here.

  2. Modify the example URLs with your credentials (dbuser & passwd) and host details.

  3. Connect to MongoDB:

    mongo "mongodb://dbuser:passwd@your_host:27017"
  4. List all Databases:

    show dbs
  5. View Collections in a Database:

    1. Switch to Database:
      use your_database_name
    2. Display its Collections:
      show collections
  6. Disconnect:


Note the database and collection names for future source configuration.

Prepare your data

Data in MongoDB is stored in BSON (Binary JSON) format, which allows for embedded documents or nested data. It employs a flexible schema, and its key terms include:

Documents: Key-value pairs representing data units.

Collections: Groups of documents, similar to database tables but without a fixed schema.

Databases: Containers for collections; a single MongoDB server can have multiple databases.

The dlt converts nested data into relational tables, deduces data types, and defines parent-child relationships, creating an adaptive schema for future data adjustments.

Initialize the verified source

To get started with your data pipeline, follow these steps:

  1. Enter the following command:

    dlt init mongodb duckdb

    This command will initialize the pipeline example with MongoDB as the source and duckdb as the destination.

  2. If you'd like to use a different destination, simply replace duckdb with the name of your preferred destination.

  3. After running this command, a new directory will be created with the necessary files and configuration settings to get started.

For more information, read the guide on how to add a verified source.

Add credentials

  1. Inside the .dlt folder, you'll find a file called secrets.toml, which is where you can securely store your access tokens and other sensitive information. It's important to handle this file with care and keep it safe. Here's what the file looks like:

    # put your secret values and credentials here
    # do not share this file and do not push it to github
    connection_url = "mongodb connection_url" # please set me up!
  2. Replace the connection_url value with the previously copied one to ensure secure access to your MongoDB sources.

  3. Next, follow the destination documentation instructions to add credentials for your chosen destination, ensuring proper routing of your data to the final destination.

  4. Next, store your configuration details in the .dlt/config.toml.

    Here's what the config.toml looks like:

    [your_pipeline_name]  # Set your pipeline name here!
    database = "defaultDB" # Database name (Optional), default database is loaded if not provided.
    collection_names = ["collection_1", "collection_2"] # Collection names (Optional), all collections are loaded if not provided.

    Optionally, you can set database and collection names in ".dlt/secrets.toml" under [sources.mongodb] without listing the pipeline name.

  5. Replace the value of the "database" and "collections_names" with the ones copied above.

For more information, read the General Usage: Credentials.

Run the pipeline

  1. Before running the pipeline, ensure that you have installed all the necessary dependencies by running the command:
    pip install -r requirements.txt
  2. You're now ready to run the pipeline! To get started, run the following command:
  3. Once the pipeline has finished running, you can verify that everything loaded correctly by using the following command:
    dlt pipeline <pipeline_name> show
    For example, the pipeline_name for the above pipeline example is local_mongo, you may also use any custom name instead.

For more information, read the guide on how to run a pipeline.

Sources and resources

dlt works on the principle of sources and resources.

Source mongodb

This function loads data from a MongoDB database, yielding one or multiple collections to be retrieved.

def mongodb(
connection_url: str = dlt.secrets.value,
database: Optional[str] = dlt.config.value,
collection_names: Optional[List[str]] = dlt.config.value,
incremental: Optional[dlt.sources.incremental] = None, # type: ignore[type-arg]
write_disposition: Optional[str] = dlt.config.value,
) -> Iterable[DltResource]:

connection_url: MongoDB connection URL.

database: Database name (defaults if unspecified).

collection_names: Names of desired collections; loads all if not specified.

incremental: Option for incremental data loading.

write_disposition: Writing mode: "replace", "append", or "merge".

Source mongo_collection

This function fetches a single collection from a MongoDB database using PyMongo.

def mongodb_collection(
connection_url: str = dlt.secrets.value,
database: Optional[str] = dlt.config.value,
collection: str = dlt.config.value,
incremental: Optional[dlt.sources.incremental] = None, # type: ignore[type-arg]
write_disposition: Optional[str] = dlt.config.value,
) -> Any:

collection: Name of the collection to load.


Create your own pipeline

If you wish to create your own pipelines, you can leverage source and resource methods from this verified source.

  1. Configure the pipeline by specifying the pipeline name, destination, and dataset as follows:

    pipeline = dlt.pipeline(
    pipeline_name="mongodb_pipeline", # Use a custom name if desired
    destination="duckdb", # Choose the appropriate destination (e.g., duckdb, redshift, post)
    dataset_name="mongodb_data" # Use a custom name if desired
  2. To load all the collections in a database:

    load_data = mongodb()
    load_info =, write_disposition="replace")
  3. To load a specific collections from the database:

    load_data = mongodb().with_resources("collection_1", "collection_2")
    load_info =, write_disposition="replace")
  4. To load specific collections from the source incrementally:

    load_data = mongodb(incremental=dlt.sources.incremental("date")).with_resources("collection_1")
    load_info =, write_disposition = "merge")

    Data is loaded incrementally based on "date" field.

  5. To load data from a particular collection say "movies" incrementally:

    load_data = mongodb_collection(
    "lastupdated", initial_value=pendulum.DateTime(2020, 9, 10, 0, 0, 0)

    load_info =, write_disposition="merge")

    The source function "mongodb_collection" loads data from a particular single collection, where as source "mongodb" can load data from multiple collections. This script configures incremental loading from the "movies" collection based on the "lastupdated" field, starting from midnight on September 10, 2020.

  6. To incrementally load a table with an append-only disposition using hints:

    # Suitable for tables where new rows are added, but existing rows aren't updated.
    # Load data from the 'listingsAndReviews' collection in MongoDB, using 'last_scraped' for incremental addition.
    airbnb = mongodb().with_resources("listingsAndReviews")

    info =, write_disposition="append")

    It applies hint for incremental loading based on the "last_scraped" field, ideal for tables with additions but no updates.

  7. To load a selected collection and rename it in the destination:

     # Create the MongoDB source and select the "collection_1" collection
    source = mongodb().with_resources("collection_1")

    # Apply the hint to rename the table in the destination

    # Run the pipeline
    info =, write_disposition="replace")

Additional Setup guides

This demo works on codespaces. Codespaces is a development environment available for free to anyone with a Github account. You'll be asked to fork the demo repository and from there the README guides you with further steps.
The demo uses the Continue VSCode extension.

Off to codespaces!


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